Resilience of health systems during and after crises – what does it mean and how can it be enhanced?
The concept of ‘resilience’ is a recent addition to health systems policy and research. Over the past five years the concept has become ubiquitous and even featured in the theme of the Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research: ‘resilient and responsive health systems for a changing world’. Yet it is an ambiguous term and its meaning is contested within the discipline. This policy brief summarises different aspects of health system resilience, its measurement, and strategies for enhancing resilience during and after crises.